Perennialism means that one should teach the things that one deems to be of everlasting importance to all people everywhere. The most that topics develop a person, it says that one should teach principles, not facts. Perennialism philosophy of education says since people are human, one should teach first about humans, not machines or techniques. Modern Perennialism is a strategy that teaches scientific reasoning, not facts, this gives the students a human side to the science, and shows the reasoning in action Perennialism philosophy of education focuses first on personal development.
They are two kind of Perennialism in education are:
Secular Perennialism- As Robert Hutchins and Mortimer Adler says in secular Perennialism, the word perennial suggests something that lasts for an indefinite long time, recurs again and again, or is self-renewing. This kind of Perennialism education comprises the humanist and scientific traditions. The important thing in secular Perennialism is learning to reason. Secular Perennialism also advocates using original work in education.
Religious Perennialism- Thomas Aquinas says Religious Perennialism is focused on the personal development of the student, and says that all learning could not come from within, because it always had to be provided as sensed signs that the student must perceive. Religious Perennialism is 1st developed by Thomas Aquinas so it has Christian educational Perennialism so this was rejected from being permissible.
Perennialism is an important subject that is taught at all academic levels.
Perennialism philosophy of education is a very conservative and inflexible philosophy of education. Students are taught to reason through structured lessons and drills. Even the national standards that are coming into place emphasize the ideas of Perennialism. As now days we are stressing reading, writing and arithmetic in education but the decline of the music and art. Teaching the students for job and the knowledge is what we need today so Perennialism philosophy of education is what helps in educators is to equip them with "universal knowledge.